The 3 most common mistakes we make when it comes to sticking with our goals (and how to avoid them).

We’ve all fallen off the wagon before. Maybe not in the sense of drinking while trying to stay sober, but just about all of us at one time or another have had the experience of setting out to achieve a goal only to falter, stumble, get frustrated, and give up.

Maybe we try again later, maybe we don’t. In any case, I think we can all agree that a major obstacle to achieving any kind of significant change in our lives is the tendency we all have to give up when we stumble or fall.

And yet, despite this tendency to give up when we stumble, we all know the solution: Perseverance. To persevere is to keep moving forward despite falling and failing along the way. Perseverance means brushing the dust off and climbing back into the wagon. Once, twice, or for the 43rd time.

We know this. Yet we all struggle to put it into practice. We look at the metaphorical wagon riding away from us and say things to ourselves like:

I don’t have a magic perseverance pill or complicated 7-step program to sticking with your goals. But there are 3 mistake I often see clients I work with make when it comes to sticking with their goals and plans for change. They’re also mistakes I see myself making routinely. And I suspect that if we can avoid or at least lessen these mistakes, we might have more success hopping back on the wagon and achieving our goals.

Mistake #1: We’re not very good at reminding ourselves of what progress really looks like.

Most of us tend to think of progress as a straight line:

But this is a cartoon, an idealized abstraction. And it’s problematic because if we habitually think of progress like this and then compare our own less than ideal version with it, we are going to feel a lot of negative emotion (shame, embarrassment, fear, frustration, etc.) which will make it that much harder to persevere.

Instead, what if we saw progress a little more realistically? I think if we actually detailed what progress looks like for any significant endeavor—whether it’s losing weight, learning guitar, or saving for retirement—the picture probably looks closer to something like this:

In a word, it’s messy. Lots of ups and downs, accelerations and plateaus. And while most of us understand this intellectually—that true progress is messy—we often aren’t in the habit of reminding ourselves of it. Consequently, when we do fail or stumble, we tend to compare ourselves to the first idealized graph not the second messy but realistic one.

It’s important, I think, to get in the habit of reminding ourselves that progress is messy and avoid situations that reinforce the idea that progress is and should be linear and clean.

How to Practice: Spend more time reading biographies and having real conversations with people and less time on social media. Good biographies, like good conversation, tend to paint realistic (i.e. messy) pictures of how people both failed and achieved progress. Social media, on the other hand, is full of people showing off only the best, most idealized versions of themselves, which encourages our unhelpful habit of thinking our own progress should be nice and clean.

Mistake #2: We’re not very good at zooming out on our progress when we stumble.

A practical application that comes directly from learning to see the messy nature of progress more clearly is the art of zooming in and out on our progress. While we’re working at something, it’s often good advice to keep our heads down and focus on the one or two tasks at hand or right in front of us. In other words, to stay zoomed in on our progress.

But, if we start struggling or fail to make significant progress for a while, this zoomed in perspective can make things look a lot worse than they really are:

Instead, we need to build the habit of zooming out on progress when we falter or stagnate, reminding ourselves that it’s normal to experience dips and plateaus, and that the overall trend line of our progress (which we can only see when our perspective is zoomed out) is a much better indicator of progress than a zoomed in one that uses only one or a small set of data points.

How to Practice: Track your progress. There’s no way to actually zoom out on your progress if you’re not keeping track of it somehow. If I had to single out one factor that consistently predicts people sticking with their goals, it would be having a reliable method for tracking progress. Personally, I like The Seinfeld Method.

Mistake #3: We confuse leading and lagging indicators of progress.

In economics, a leading indicator is an event or piece of information that signals or predicts future events. The number of filings for new building permits, for example, is often considered a leading indicator of a growing economy.

A lagging indicator, on the other hand, is an event or piece of information that follows or confirms a past event. The number of unemployment filings is often a lagging indicator that the economy is weakening.

It’s useful to apply the idea of leading and lagging indicators to progress in personal growth, but only if we do it correctly. The first mistake I see most people (including myself) make in this respect is that we use how we feel as a leading indicator of progress. Most commonly, we take feeling badly as evidence that we’re not making progress.

Psychologist, by the way, call this emotional reasoning—using how we feel as evidence for the nature of ourselves, the world, or the future. How we feel is almost always a lagging not leading indicator. Which brings us to the other mistake we make with indicators of progress…

While we often mistakenly think of feeling negatively as a leading indicator of a lack of progress, we also forget the flip side of that idea: That feeling positively is generally a lagging indicator of progress. In other words, feeling good doesn’t usually happen before or during progress, it tends to happen after we’ve already started to make some progress.

How to Practice: Before setting out on a new goal, spend 10 or 15 minutes deliberately thinking through genuine leading and lagging indicators of progress. Come up with a list for each of the factors you think, realistically, would predict future progress and confirm past progress. If you’re having trouble, ask someone you know who’s successfully achieved the same or a similar goal.

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